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An assembly of experts, sponsored by the Society for the Promotion of Engineering Sciences and Technology (Soprest), was held in Islamabad on 15th Oct 2016 to discuss, evaluate and offer recommendations on implementing the Indus Water Treaty 1960. The gathering was chaired by Mr. Shams ul Mulk, President Soprest and former Chairman Wapda and Caretaker CM Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and was moderated by Shakil Durrani, the Executive Director and former Chairman Wapda and Chief Secretary Gilgit Baltistan, Azad Jammu Kashmir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh.

The President Soprest welcomed the participants to the gathering of experts stating that it was rare to find so many water-related professionals under one roof. He underlined the strategic importance of the Indus water Treaty 1960 under which the three eastern rivers Ravi, Sutlej and Beas were transferred to India while the three western rivers Indus, Jhelum and Chenab fell to Pakistan’s share. He informed the participants that it was a herculean task to construct a series of storages, barrages and link canals to provide irrigation waters to those areas which were deprived as a result of the Treaty. The GOP and WAPDA undertook stupendous work during the first twenty years to develop the alternate projects and one cannot imagine what the country’s economy would have been without this effort. Unfortunately over the next thirty years additional storages and hydro power projects could not be constructed with the result that the country was suffering from multiple problems today. Mr. Shams ul Mulk said that 22000 dams have been built by China and 4000 in India over the past fifty years but Pakistan has been found lagging behind. In Pakistan little importance is being given to water storages like Kalabagh, Munda-Mohmand, Diamir Basha Dams and others. He felt that it would have been preferable to build the Diamir Basha dam before the Run of the River Dasu dam so that the benefits of the large storage could have been utilized in greater electricity generation from the latter.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row]