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  • After negotiations lasting ten years which were facilitated by the World Bank, the Indus Basin Treaty for distribution of water resources in the Indus Basin was signed by India and Pakistan in 1960.
  • According to the terms of the treaty India was given the exclusive use of the waters of the eastern rivers Ravi, Sutlej and Beas while Pakistan got rights in perpetuity to the waters of the Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab rivers, which comprise 75 percent of the flow of the whole Indus system.
  •  Pakistan embarked upon a gigantic project called the “Indus Basin Replacement Works” which involved an extensive undertaking for the construction of two major dams, five barrages and eight link canals.
  • The Indus irrigation system became the largest contiguous irrigation system in the world. The desert literally bloomed, with irrigated agriculture providing the platform for the development of the modern economy of Pakistan. (Pakistan Economy Running Dry, World Bank 2005).